Elephant ear plants, also known as colocasia, alocasia, and xanthosoma, are celebrated for their impressive, large leaves that mimic the shape of elephant ears. Thriving in both indoor and outdoor settings, they bring a touch of the tropics to any space with their dramatic foliage.

To flourish, elephant ear plants prefer full sun to part shade and moist, slightly acidic soil. They are suitable for USDA zones 8-10, achieving heights of 3-6 feet. Whether in your garden or as a potted plant, they add a striking visual impact.

Optimal Growing Conditions

With varieties like Colocasia esculenta and Alocasia amazonica, these plants offer a range of colors from green to purple. Some, like 'Mojito' and 'Black Magic', feature captivating variegated patterns, enhancing the aesthetic diversity of your garden or indoor collection.

Varieties and Visual Appeal

Regular watering to keep the soil moist (but not soggy) and fertilization every two to three weeks during the growing season with a high-nitrogen solution will ensure your elephant ear plants remain vibrant and healthy. Avoid overwatering to prevent root rot.

Care and Maintenance

Elephant ear plants can be propagated through division, tubers, or even tissue culture for some varieties. In cooler climates, overwintering by pruning back foliage and storing tubers in a dry place ensures they survive until the next spring, ready to regrow and dazzle once more.

Propagation and Overwintering