Carmona (Fukien Tea) Bonsai Tree In Clay Pot Displayed on Stand at Home Garden Area

Carmona (Fukien Tea) Bonsai: Evergreen Charm and Care

The Fukien tea tree, scientifically known as Ehretia microphylla, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub native to the regions of East and Southeast Asia. It is popularly known for its unique characteristics and beautiful aesthetics. The leaves of the Fukien tea tree are round and leathery, adorned with white dots and fine hairs. In its natural habitat, this remarkable tree can reach heights of up to 9.8 feet, showcasing an impressive upright growth habit.

The Natural Habitat and Growth Habits of the Fukien Tea Tree

One of the most captivating features of the Fukien tea tree is its knotted trunk, which adds to its overall charm. The bark of this tree is grayish-beige and fissured, adding texture and depth to its appearance. Throughout the year, the Fukien tea tree produces small white flowers that elegantly bloom, creating a delightful sight for both enthusiasts and passersby.

Propagation of the Fukien Tea Tree for Bonsai Growing

The Fukien tea tree is a wonderful choice for bonsai enthusiasts, and propagating this tree allows you to cultivate your own collection. There are several methods you can use to propagate the Fukien tea tree for bonsai growing:

  1. Sowing Seeds: Start by collecting fresh seeds from ripe fruit. Soak the seeds in water for a day to soften the hard outer coat. Then, sow the seeds in a well-draining bonsai soil mix. Keep the soil consistently moist until the seeds germinate, which can take several weeks. This method requires patience as it can take up to 10 years before the tree is ready for bonsai training.
  2. Air-Layering: This technique involves creating a wound on a mature branch and encouraging roots to develop at that point. Select a suitable branch, remove a ring of bark, and apply rooting hormone to stimulate root growth. Wrap the wounded area with moist sphagnum moss and secure it with plastic wrap. After a few months, roots should start to form. Once the roots are well developed, cut the branch below the new root system and transplant it into a bonsai container.
  3. Rooting Cuttings: Softwood cuttings can be taken from the Fukien tea tree during the growing season. Select healthy shoots and make a clean cut just below a node. Remove any leaves from the lower two-thirds of the cutting, dip the cut end into a rooting hormone, and insert it into moist rooting medium, such as a mix of perlite and peat moss. Place the cuttings in a warm, humid location and mist them regularly. With proper care, the cuttings should develop roots in a few weeks.

Positioning and Light Requirements for Fukien Tea Bonsai Trees

Fukien tea bonsai trees are versatile and can thrive both indoors and outdoors, depending on the climate. Understanding the positioning and light requirements is crucial for the optimal growth and health of your bonsai.

  • Indoor Positioning: For indoor bonsai, it is best to place your Fukien tea bonsai tree next to a window that receives natural light. A south-facing window is ideal as it provides the most sunlight throughout the day. This will ensure that your bonsai receives the necessary light for photosynthesis and growth.
  • Outdoor Positioning: If you live in a warm climate, you can position your Fukien tea bonsai tree outdoors. It is essential to place it in an area where it can receive adequate sunlight. Morning sun exposure is beneficial for the bonsai, as it provides gentle and indirect light. Afternoon shade is crucial to protect the tree from intense midday sunlight, which can lead to leaf burn.

Watering and Moisture Requirements for Fukien Tea Bonsai Trees

Fukien tea bonsai trees require regular and adequate watering to thrive. The frequency of watering depends on the season and the moisture level of the soil. Here are some tips to ensure proper watering for your Fukien tea bonsai:

  1. Water generously: Once the soil dries up slightly, it is time to water your Fukien tea bonsai. Give it a thorough watering, making sure that the water reaches all parts of the root system.
  2. Seasonal watering: During the growing season, which is typically spring and summer, the bonsai will require more frequent watering due to increased evaporation and growth. As the weather gets colder in winter, the bonsai will require less frequent watering.
  3. Observing soil moisture: Before watering, it is important to check the moisture level of the soil. Insert your finger about an inch deep into the soil to determine if it is dry. If the soil feels moist, it is best to wait for a little longer before watering again.
  4. Avoid overwatering: While Fukien tea bonsai trees need regular watering, it is crucial to avoid overwatering. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases. Ensure that the soil is well-draining and does not become excessively soggy.

Fertilizing the Fukien Tea Bonsai Tree

Fukien tea bonsai trees require regular fertilization during the growing season, which is typically from spring to autumn. Fertilizers provide essential nutrients that promote healthy growth and vigor in your bonsai. When it comes to fertilizing your Fukien tea bonsai, there are a few key considerations to keep in mind.

Firstly, it is recommended to use slow-release solid fertilizers for your bonsai. These types of fertilizers gradually release nutrients over time, preventing the risk of root burn. You can find specially formulated bonsai fertilizers that are designed to meet the specific nutritional needs of your Fukien tea bonsai.

If you prefer using liquid fertilizers, it’s important to only apply them to moist soil and in the proper amount. Over-fertilization can be detrimental to the health of your bonsai, so be sure to follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer. Liquid fertilizers can be diluted in water and applied to the soil during watering sessions.

When choosing a bonsai fertilizer, opt for high-potassium formulations, especially for younger bonsai trees. Potassium promotes stronger root development and faster growth, allowing your Fukien tea bonsai to thrive. However, it’s essential to strike a balance and avoid excessive fertilization, as this can lead to nutrient imbalances or even damage the roots of your bonsai.

  • Use slow-release solid fertilizers
  • Apply liquid fertilizers to moist soil in the recommended amount
  • Choose high-potassium fertilizers for younger bonsai trees
  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper fertilization

Pruning Techniques for Fukien Tea Bonsai Trees

Fukien tea bonsai trees, including the popular Carmona variety, can greatly benefit from regular pruning techniques. Proper pruning promotes denser and finer branch ramification, contributing to the overall health and aesthetic appeal of the bonsai tree. By following these pruning techniques, you can help your Fukien tea bonsai thrive and maintain its desired shape.


  1. Timing: Prune your Fukien tea bonsai once a year, preferably during the early spring when the tree is beginning to emerge from dormancy.
  2. Shoot Pruning: Trim the shoots back to two to three leaves, using sharp and clean bonsai shears. This encourages new growth and helps to create a more compact foliage canopy.
  3. Branch Pruning: Remove any old or mature branches that no longer contribute to the bonsai’s overall structure or design. Use appropriate bonsai tools, such as concave cutters or branch cutters, to make clean cuts and avoid causing unnecessary damage.

Wiring the Fukien Tea Bonsai Tree

Wiring is an essential technique for maintaining the shape and promoting balanced growth of your Fukien Tea Bonsai tree. Whether you’re a novice or an experienced bonsai enthusiast, wiring can help you achieve the desired aesthetic appeal and create a harmonious silhouette for your bonsai.

When it comes to wiring your Fukien Tea Bonsai, it’s important to consider the age and flexibility of the branches. Young shoots are more pliable and easier to wire and bend, while older and more mature branches tend to be more brittle and require gentle handling.

To wire your Fukien Tea Bonsai, you’ll need aluminum alloy bonsai wire. This type of wire is strong yet flexible, allowing you to shape your bonsai tree without causing damage. Start by selecting the appropriate thickness of wire for your branches, ensuring it can provide sufficient support.

Begin by securing one end of the wire to the base of the trunk, making sure to leave enough slack for growth and movement. Then, gently wrap the wire around the branch, maintaining a 45-50 degree angle to provide optimal support and shape. Avoid wrapping the wire too tightly, as it may impede the flow of nutrients and restrict growth.

As your Fukien Tea Bonsai continues to grow, regularly check the wire to prevent it from cutting into the branches. If necessary, make adjustments by loosening or rewiring the branches to maintain the desired shape. It’s essential to monitor the wiring and remove it once it has served its purpose to prevent wire scars from forming.

Repotting the Fukien Tea Bonsai Tree

Repotting is an essential part of caring for your Fukien Tea Bonsai tree. It should be done every two years during the springtime to prevent excessive root development and ensure the overall health of the tree.

Root Pruning

Root pruning may be necessary during the repotting process. This technique involves trimming or pruning the roots to control the growth of the tree and encourage the development of finer roots. Root pruning helps maintain a healthy and well-balanced root system, which is vital for the overall growth and vitality of the bonsai tree.

Bonsai Soil

When repotting your Fukien Tea Bonsai tree, selecting the right bonsai soil is crucial. Well-draining soil with coarse substrates is recommended to prevent overwatering and ensure the roots have access to sufficient oxygen. It is essential to use a bonsai-specific soil mix or create a custom mix that provides the necessary drainage and nutrient retention for your tree’s specific needs.

  • Avoid using regular garden soil, as it tends to retain too much moisture and can lead to root rot.
  • A suitable bonsai soil mix typically consists of a blend of Akadama, pumice, and lava rock. This combination promotes excellent drainage while retaining enough moisture for the roots.
  • Depending on the tree’s size and growth, you may need to repot your Fukien Tea Bonsai into a slightly larger or slightly smaller pot to maintain the desired root-to-soil ratio.

Protection During Winter for Fukien Tea Bonsai Trees

Fukien tea bonsai trees require special protection during the winter season to safeguard them from the cold and frost. Here are some effective methods to ensure the winter survival of your Fukien tea bonsai:

  1. Move them to an unheated room: One of the simplest ways to protect your Fukien tea bonsai during the winter is by relocating it to a room that is not heated. This will help maintain a stable temperature and protect the tree from extreme cold.
  2. Use a plant lamp: If moving the bonsai to an unheated room is not possible, a plant lamp can provide supplemental lighting and warmth. Place the lamp near the bonsai to ensure it receives adequate light and heat during the colder months.
  3. Use a humidity tray: Winter air tends to be dry, which can negatively impact the health of your bonsai. To combat this, place your Fukien tea bonsai on a humidity tray filled with water. As the water evaporates, it will increase the humidity around the bonsai, mimicking its natural environment.

Pests and Diseases of Fukien Tea Bonsai Trees

Fukien tea bonsai trees, while beautiful and resilient, are not immune to pests and diseases. It is important to stay vigilant and address these issues promptly to ensure the health and vitality of your bonsai.

Common Pests

  • Aphids: These small, sap-sucking insects can cluster on the leaves and stems of your bonsai, causing damage and stunt its growth. Regularly inspect your tree and remove aphids by gently wiping them away or using a mild soapy water solution.
  • Scale Insects: Scale insects often appear as small, round waxy bumps on the trunk and branches of the Fukien tea bonsai. These pests feed on the tree’s sap, leading to yellowing leaves and weakened growth. Use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove the scales or consider using natural insecticidal soap.
  • Spider Mites: These tiny arachnids often infest the undersides of leaves and produce fine webbing. Spider mites suck the sap, causing yellowed and stippled foliage. Regularly misting your tree and wiping the leaves with a damp cloth can help control spider mite populations.


  • Root Rot: Overwatering or poorly draining soil can lead to root rot, a fungal disease that affects the health of the tree’s roots. Signs of root rot include yellowing leaves, wilting, and a foul odor. To prevent root rot, water your bonsai only when the topsoil is slightly dry and make sure your potting mix allows for proper drainage.

The Fukien Tea Bonsai Tree as a Symbol of Peace and Beauty

The Fukien tea bonsai tree is not just a visually stunning plant but also a powerful symbol of peace, harmony, and balance. With its meticulous form and delicate leaves, it captures the essence of tranquility, making it a perfect gift for expressing the importance of self-care and finding inner equilibrium.

Gifting a Fukien tea bonsai tree to someone special is a thoughtful gesture that goes beyond material possessions. It conveys a message of serenity and reminds the recipient to prioritize their well-being in today’s fast-paced world. By nurturing and caring for this living artwork, individuals develop a sense of tranquility and learn the value of seeking balance in life.

Introducing a Fukien tea bonsai tree into any space instantly enhances its beauty and brings a touch of serenity. Its presence creates a peaceful atmosphere, allowing one to retreat from the stresses of everyday life. Whether displayed in a home, office, or meditation room, this bonsai tree exudes elegance and serves as a constant reminder to find inner peace amidst life’s chaos.


What is a Carmona (Fukien Tea) Bonsai?

The Carmona (Fukien Tea) Bonsai, also known as the Philippine tea tree, is a low-maintenance species that offers beautiful flowers and fruits. It is a popular choice among bonsai enthusiasts.

Where is the Fukien tea tree native to?

The Fukien tea tree, with the botanical name Ehretia microphylla, is native to East and Southeast Asia.

How can I propagate the Fukien tea tree for bonsai growing?

The Fukien tea tree can be propagated for bonsai growing through methods like sowing seeds, air-layering, and rooting softwood cuttings.

Where should I position my Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Indoor bonsai trees should be placed next to a window that receives natural light, preferably a south-facing one. Outdoor bonsai should be positioned where they can receive adequate sunlight, preferably morning sun and afternoon shade.

How often should I water my Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Fukien tea bonsai trees should be watered generously once the soil dries up slightly. The frequency of watering depends on the season, with more frequent watering during the growing season and less frequent during winter.

When should I fertilize my Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Fukien tea bonsai trees should be fertilized regularly during the growing season, from spring to autumn. Slow-release solid fertilizers are recommended to prevent root burn.

How should I prune my Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Pruning should be done once a year by pruning shoots back to two to three leaves. This encourages denser and finer branch ramification.

Is wiring necessary for the Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Yes, wiring is necessary to maintain the shape of the Fukien tea bonsai tree and encourage balanced growth. Aluminum alloy bonsai wire should be used, applying it tightly at a 45-50 degree angle for support.

How often should I repot my Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Fukien tea bonsai trees should be repotted every two years during springtime to prevent excessive root development and ensure the health of the tree.

How should I protect my Fukien tea bonsai tree during winter?

Fukien tea bonsai trees should be protected during winter by moving them to an unheated room or using a plant lamp and humidity tray to maintain adequate conditions.

What pests and diseases should I watch out for with my Fukien tea bonsai tree?

Common pests include aphids, scale insects, and spider mites. Neem oil can be used as a natural insecticide to treat infestations. Root rot can be a problem if the tree is overwatered or kept in soggy soil for long periods.

What does the Fukien tea bonsai tree symbolize?

The Fukien tea bonsai tree symbolizes peace, harmony, and balance. It can be a thoughtful and meaningful gift that brings beauty and serenity to any space.

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