Blooming Bunny Ears Cactus (Opuntia Microdasys) Desert Plant In Green Color Decorated Pot with Red Flowers on Sofa at Home

Bunny Ears Cactus: The Soft and Fuzzy Desert Plant

The Bunny Ears Cactus, scientifically known as Opuntia Microdasys. This adorable desert plant is a favorite among both novice and experienced gardeners due to its unique appearance and easy care requirements. With its thick, fuzzy pads resembling bunny ears and short bristles called glochids, the Bunny Ears Cactus is a delightful addition to any plant collection.

Originating from Mexico, this low-maintenance cactus thrives in dry, low humidity environments with plenty of sunny exposure. It can reach a height of 2 feet with a spread of about 4 to 5 feet, producing rosy red pads that turn bright green. During the summer, it may even bloom with yellow flowers followed by purple fruits.

How to Grow Bunny Ears Cactus

Bunny Ears Cactus, scientifically known as Opuntia Microdasys, can be easily grown from pads. Follow these simple steps to successfully propagate and care for your Bunny Ears Cactus:

  1. Start by carefully removing a pad from the cactus using protective gloves or newspaper to avoid contact with the spines called glochids.
  2. Allow the end of the pad to callus for a few days. This process helps protect the pad and allows it to develop roots more easily.
  3. Plant the callused pad in a well-draining cactus soil mixture. A suitable mix can be created by combining 40% potting soil, 40% sand, and 20% peat moss.
  4. Place the planted pad in a container with good drainage. Bunny Ears Cactus is well-suited for container gardening, allowing for better control of its growth environment.
  5. Provide your Bunny Ears Cactus with plenty of sunlight. These cacti thrive in bright, indirect light, so place them near a sunny window or under artificial grow lights.
  6. Water the cactus sparingly. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering, which can lead to root rot. Only water when the top inch of soil feels dry.
  7. Handle the Bunny Ears Cactus with caution due to the presence of glochids, which can cause skin irritation. Wear gloves or use a barrier, such as newspaper, when handling the pads.

Bunny Ears Cactus Care

Bunny Ears Cactus, also known as Opuntia Microdasys, is a low maintenance plant that requires minimal care. By following a few simple guidelines, you can ensure the health and longevity of this unique desert plant.

Water Requirements

  • Water the Bunny Ears Cactus when the top inch of soil is dry. This ensures that the plant is not overwatered and avoids the risk of root rot.
  • Use a well-drained container to prevent excess moisture from accumulating.
  • After watering, make sure to remove any water from the saucer to prevent the plant from sitting in standing water.
  • During the fall and winter months, reduce watering frequency to every three to four weeks.


  • Use a diluted houseplant or cactus formula to fertilize the Bunny Ears Cactus every other watering period during the spring and summer.
  • This will provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth.

Pest Control

  • Occasionally, Bunny Ears Cactus may face infestations by mealybugs and scale insects.
  • Treat these pests by using a cotton ball soaked in alcohol to wipe them off.


  • Repot the Bunny Ears Cactus every one to two years to freshen up the soil and provide more space for growth.
  • Avoid watering the plant for at least a week after repotting to allow it to adjust to its new environment.

Bunny Ear Cactus: Appearance and Growth

Bunny Ear Cactus, also known as polka dot cactus or angel’s wings cactus, is cherished for its unique appearance. It features flattened, oval-shaped pads covered in fuzzy white or golden spines known as glochids. These glochids are modified hairs that act as a defense mechanism against predators.

The cactus can grow up to 3 feet tall and 6 feet wide, with dense clusters of white or yellow flowers blooming in spring or summer. The flowers add an attractive touch to the overall appearance of the cactus.

The plant may also produce edible prickly pear fruits that are sweet, tangy, and packed with nutrients. However, caution should be exercised when handling the cactus due to the presence of detachable spines and glochids that can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in some individuals.

Light Requirements for Bunny Ears Cactus

Bunny Ear Cactus, also known as Opuntia Microdasys, thrives under specific light conditions. Understanding its light requirements is essential for the healthy growth of this unique plant.

Full sun to partial shade is ideal for Bunny Ear Cactus. It needs approximately 4-6 hours of bright, direct sunlight per day. If you are growing the cactus indoors, choose the sunniest spot near a south or west-facing window to provide ample sunlight.

In cases where direct sunlight is limited, you can use an artificial grow light to supplement the natural light. This will ensure that the cactus receives sufficient light for photosynthesis and growth.

While Bunny Ear Cactus loves sunlight, it is important to protect it from intense afternoon sun, as it can cause sunburn. If you notice any signs of sunburn, such as yellowing or browning of the skin or leaves, move the cactus to a slightly shadier location.

Soil and Fertilizer Needs for Bunny Ears Cactus

Bunny Ears Cactus, scientifically known as Opuntia Microdasys, thrives in dry, sandy, well-draining soils. When it comes to soil requirements, a cactus or succulent potting mix is highly recommended. You can easily find specialized cactus potting mixes at nurseries or garden centers. Alternatively, you can create your own potting mix by combining equal parts potting soil, coarse sand, and perlite. This homemade mix helps ensure proper drainage, preventing the cactus from sitting in excess moisture that can lead to root rot.

In terms of fertilization, Bunny Ears Cactus requires minimal feeding. Excessive fertilization can actually harm the plant, so it’s important to be cautious. During the active growing season, which is typically in spring, it is advised to use a water-soluble natural NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) fertilizer specifically formulated for cacti. Applying the balanced fertilizer once a year ensures the cactus receives essential nutrients for healthy and balanced growth.

Reducing Fertilizing and Nutrient-Poor Desert Soils

During the winter months when the cactus is dormant, fertilization should be reduced or even stopped altogether. Bunny Ears Cactus is adapted to survive in nutrient-poor desert soils, so frequent or heavy fertilization is not necessary for its growth. This plant is resilient and can thrive with minimal supplementation. By mimicking its natural environment, you can help promote the cactus’s optimal growth and overall health.

Hardiness Zone and Environmental Requirements

Bunny Ears Cactus, also known as Opuntia Microdasys, is a desert plant that thrives in warm and dry conditions. It is typically suited for hardiness zones 9-11, which have mild winters and warm to hot summers, similar to its natural habitat in northern Mexico. However, if you live in a colder climate, you can still grow Bunny Ears Cactus indoors as long as it receives sufficient sunlight and is protected from freezing temperatures.

This cactus prefers daytime temperatures between 70-90°F and cooler temperatures around 60-70°F at night. While it can tolerate higher temperatures, it’s important to provide shade during the hottest parts of the day to prevent sunburn. Bunny Ears Cactus also prefers low humidity levels and can be susceptible to fungal diseases if exposed to high humidity for extended periods. To keep the cactus healthy, it’s recommended to maintain a humidity level below 50%.

Watering Needs for Bunny Ears Cactus

Bunny Ears Cactus, also known as Opuntia Microdasys, has low water requirements and is well-adapted to dry conditions. It is important to understand the plant’s water needs to ensure its health and vitality.

Drought Tolerance and Low Water Needs

Bunny Ears Cactus is highly drought-tolerant and can survive extended periods without water. This is because it is native to arid environments and has evolved to store water in its thick fleshy pads. As a result, it has low water needs compared to other plants.

Moist Soil and Overwatering

One common mistake when caring for Bunny Ears Cactus is overwatering. It is crucial to allow the soil to dry completely before watering the cactus again. Overwatering can lead to root rot, which is a serious condition that can kill the plant.

Soil Moisture Checks and Underwatering

To determine if your Bunny Ears Cactus needs watering, it’s recommended to check the moisture level of the soil. Insert your finger about an inch into the soil; if it feels dry, it’s time to water the cactus. However, it’s better to underwater than to overwater this plant, so if the soil still feels slightly moist, it’s best to wait a little longer before watering.

Winter Watering and Dormant Period

During the winter months, Bunny Ears Cactus enters a dormant period, during which its water requirements decrease significantly. Watering can be reduced to once a month or even less, depending on the environmental conditions. It’s essential to adjust the watering frequency and amount to ensure the cactus remains healthy throughout its dormant phase.

Bunny Ears Cactus Propagation

If you’re interested in expanding your Bunny Ears Cactus collection, propagation through stem cuttings is a simple and effective method.

  1. Carefully select a healthy pad from your cactus and gently detach it from the main plant, ensuring that you don’t come into contact with the spines or glochids.
  2. Set the pad aside in a dry location for about 24 hours to allow the cut end to callous. This callousing process helps to minimize the risk of rot and promotes successful rooting.
  3. Prepare a container with a well-draining potting mix. A combination of cactus soil, sand, and perlite works well. Ensure the container has drainage holes to prevent water accumulation.
  4. Plant the calloused end of the pad into the prepared potting mix, burying it partially to provide stability. Place the container in a location that receives a few hours of direct sunlight each day.
  5. Avoid watering the newly planted pad for a few weeks. This helps promote root development as the pad adjusts to its new environment. Once established, you can gradually introduce regular watering.

Pests and Diseases of Bunny Ears Cactus

The Bunny Ears Cactus, despite being generally pest-resistant, can sometimes be troubled by common pests such as mealybugs and scale insects. These sap-sucking pests can harm the plant by feeding on its tissues. However, you can easily treat these pests by using a simple alcohol treatment. Soak a cotton ball in alcohol and gently wipe off the pests from the cactus. This method helps to eliminate the pests without the need for harsh chemicals.

Another challenge that Bunny Ears Cactus may face is root rot, which is caused by excess moisture in the soil. Root rot can be identified by brown mushy stems or roots. Unfortunately, once root rot sets in, it is typically irreversible and can lead to the death of the plant. However, you can save unaffected parts of the plant by removing and propagating healthy pads. By doing so, you can ensure that the Bunny Ears Cactus continues to thrive and grow.

It is important to note that while the Bunny Ears Cactus is considered non-toxic to humans and pets, it can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in some individuals. This can happen if they come into contact with the spines or glochids of the cactus. Hence, it is vital to handle the cactus with care, using protective gloves and being cautious when working around it. By taking these precautions, you can enjoy the beauty of the Bunny Ears Cactus without any adverse reactions.


What is the scientific name of the Bunny Ears Cactus?

The scientific name of the Bunny Ears Cactus is Opuntia Microdasys.

What makes Bunny Ears Cactus a popular choice among gardeners?

Bunny Ears Cactus is popular due to its unique appearance and low-maintenance care requirements.

How can Bunny Ears Cactus be grown from pads?

Bunny Ears Cactus can be grown from pads by carefully removing a pad from the plant, allowing it to callus for a few days, and then planting it in cactus soil.

What are the light requirements for Bunny Ears Cactus?

Bunny Ears Cactus thrives in full sun to partial shade and requires approximately 4-6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

What type of soil should be used for Bunny Ears Cactus?

Bunny Ears Cactus requires well-draining soil such as a cactus or succulent potting mix.

How often should Bunny Ears Cactus be watered?

Bunny Ears Cactus should be watered when the top inch of soil is dry, and the watering frequency should be adjusted based on environmental conditions.

How can Bunny Ears Cactus be propagated?

Bunny Ears Cactus can be propagated using stem cuttings by allowing the base to callus and then planting it in a well-draining potting mix.

What are the common pests and diseases of Bunny Ears Cactus?

Bunny Ears Cactus can be bothered by pests such as mealybugs and scale insects, and it may be susceptible to root rot due to excess moisture.

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