Two of my favorite plants: philodendron and pothos. But which is better for growing indoors?
These plants are often mistaken for each other due to their similar appearance but they have distinctive characteristics and care requirements.
Taxonomy and Leaf Shape & Texture
Pothos belongs to the Epipremnum genus, while philodendron belongs to the Philodendron genus. Both plants are part of the aroid plant family (Araceae). However, it’s the variations in leaf shape and texture that truly set them apart.
Pothos plants have thicker, waxy leaves, which contribute to their glossy appearance. These leaves are oval-shaped and can grow quite large, providing a lush and vibrant display. On the other hand, philodendron plants have heart-shaped leaves that are generally thinner and more delicate. The texture of philodendron leaves is smoother, giving them an elegant and refined look. These leaf distinctions allow for easy differentiation between the two plants.
|Leaf texture||Thicker, waxy||Thinner, smoother|
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Growing tips for different leaf characteristics
- Due to their thicker leaves, pothos plants are more tolerant of dry indoor environments and can handle lower humidity levels.
- Philodendron plants, with their thinner leaves, thrive in more humid conditions and benefit from occasional misting or placement near a source of humidity.
- When it comes to cleaning the leaves, use a soft cloth or sponge to gently wipe away any dust or grime. Avoid excessive rubbing, as it can damage the delicate leaves of philodendron plants.
Aerial Roots and Growth Habits
One of the similarities between philodendron and pothos plants is their ability to develop aerial roots. These roots serve an important purpose in both plants’ growth and survival. The aerial roots of both philodendrons and pothos allow them to climb and vine around surfaces, making them ideal for indoor trellises or hanging baskets.
There are some differences in the aerial root development between the two plants. Pothos typically have one large aerial root per node, which can extend and attach to nearby structures for support. Philodendrons often have several smaller aerial roots per node, spreading out in multiple directions.
Another contrast in growth habits can be observed in the emergence of new leaves. In pothos plants, new leaves grow from the previous leaf, producing a neat and sequential arrangement. Philodendrons have protected emerging leaves. The new leaves emerge from sheaths called cataphylls, which protect the developing leaves and contribute to their unique unfolding process.
- Pink Princess Philodendron is a living work of art: Each leaf is unique! Most leaves are marked with a bit of pink. Some have a little, others have a lot. The more it grows, the more potential it has
- Height is approximately 10-12 inches tall, measured from the bottom of the pot to the top of the plant. It is in a 6-inch diameter composite material planter
- Grow Philodendron Pink Princess in bright, indirect sunlight for the best growth and enjoy!
- Water Philodendron Pink Princess with approximately 1/2 cup of water about once a week. Adjust as needed for your environment
- Enjoy it as it grows. Every leaf will have a different amount and pattern of pink variegation (some may be all-green). Watch it become larger and more beautiful as it matures
|Both philodendron and pothos plants develop aerial roots||Pothos typically have one large aerial root per node, while philodendrons have several smaller aerial roots per node|
|New leaves on both plants contribute to their growth and appearance||New leaves in pothos grow from the previous leaf, while philodendrons have protected emerging leaves that emerge from cataphylls|
Light and Temperature Requirements
Both plants can tolerate low light conditions but philodendrons are generally more tolerant. This means that if you have an area in your home with limited natural light, a philodendron may be a better choice.
On the other hand, pothos plants prefer somewhat higher temperatures compared to philodendrons. They thrive in a temperature range between 65°F and 85°F (18°C to 29°C), while philodendrons can tolerate slightly lower temperatures. So, if you live in a cooler environment or don’t have consistent control over the indoor temperature, a philodendron may be a more suitable option.
Light and Temperature Requirements Comparison
|Light Tolerance||Tolerates low light conditions, but prefers brighter indirect light||Tolerates low light conditions|
|Temperature Preference||Tolerates slightly lower temperatures||Thrives in a temperature range between 65°F and 85°F (18°C to 29°C)|
Differences in Watering and Drought Tolerance
When it comes to watering and drought tolerance, there are notable differences between philodendron and pothos plants. Pothos plants are known for their resilience and ability to handle longer periods without water, making them more drought-tolerant compared to philodendrons. However, both plants still require appropriate watering to maintain their health and vitality.
For pothos, it is important to allow the soil to dry out before watering again. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other issues, so it’s crucial to strike a balance and avoid keeping the soil constantly wet. Philodendrons prefer slightly more regular watering, with the soil being kept slightly moist but not overly saturated. The key is to allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again.
To ensure the proper watering of these plants, it’s helpful to observe their foliage and soil moisture levels. Pothos plants exhibit visible signs of needing water, such as drooping or wilting leaves. In contrast, philodendrons may show signs of underwatering through the yellowing or browning of their leaves. By paying attention to these indicators and adjusting your watering routine accordingly, you can provide the ideal conditions for both plants.
|Watering Frequency||Allow the soil to dry out before watering again||Keep the soil slightly moist, allowing the top inch to dry out before watering|
|Drought Tolerance||More tolerant, can handle longer periods without water||Less tolerant, requires more consistent moisture|
|Signs of Underwatering||Drooping or wilting leaves||Yellowing or browning leaves|
|Signs of Overwatering||Root rot, yellowing leaves||Root rot, wilting leaves|
Propagation by cuttings is a straightforward process for both pothos and philodendrons. Simply locate a healthy stem with a few leaves and make a clean cut just below a node. Nodes are the points along the stem where leaves emerge. Place the cutting in water, making sure to change the water regularly to prevent rot, and wait for roots to develop. Once the roots are well-established, the cutting can be transferred to a pot with soil. Alternatively, you can skip the water stage and place the cutting directly into moist soil. Keep the soil consistently damp until the roots establish themselves.
Table: Propagation Methods for Pothos and Philodendron
|Propagation by Cuttings||✔️||✔️|
|Propagation by Offsets||❌||✔️|
- Propagation by Cuttings: Both pothos and philodendrons can be propagated through stem cuttings placed in water or soil.
- Propagation by Offsets: Philodendrons can produce offsets, allowing new plants to emerge from the base of the parent plant.
While both pothos and philodendrons are toxic to cats and dogs, there are differences in the level of toxicity. Pothos is considered to be mildly toxic, while philodendrons can be more toxic and may cause skin irritation or gastrointestinal distress if ingested by pets. Pet owners should be aware of these differences when choosing between the two plants and take necessary precautions to keep their furry friends safe.
|Plant||Leaf Shape & Texture||Aerial Roots||Toxicity|
|Philodendron||Heart-shaped, thin leaves||Several smaller aerial roots per node||More toxic|
|Pothos||Thicker, waxy leaves||One large aerial root per node||Mildly toxic|
Visual Identification Tips
When it comes to distinguishing between philodendron and pothos plants, visual identification can be an essential tool. Paying attention to key characteristics will help you accurately differentiate between these two popular houseplants.
Overall Suitability for Beginners
When it comes to choosing between philodendron and pothos plants for beginners, both options are excellent. However, there are a few factors to consider that may make one plant more suitable for your needs and level of experience.
Growing Ease: Pothos is known for its resilience and ability to thrive in various conditions, making it an excellent choice for beginners. It can tolerate low light and infrequent watering, making it more forgiving if you’re still developing your green thumb.
Care Requirements: While both philodendron and pothos have similar care needs, philodendrons typically require slightly more attention. They prefer higher humidity levels and slightly lower temperatures compared to pothos. If you’re willing to provide a bit more care, a philodendron may be a rewarding option.
Personal Preference: Ultimately, your choice between philodendron and pothos may come down to personal preference. Consider factors such as leaf shape, growth habits, and visual aesthetics. Some people are drawn to the heart-shaped leaves of philodendrons, while others prefer the cascading vines of pothos.
|Growing Ease||Requires slightly more attention||Thrives in various conditions|
|Care Requirements||Higher humidity and slightly lower temperatures||Tolerates low light and infrequent watering|
|Personal Preference||Heart-shaped leaves||Cascading vines|
The Popularity of Pothos and Philodendron
When it comes to indoor plants, two species have been stealing the spotlight: pothos and philodendron. These plants have become favorites among plant enthusiasts due to their stunning beauty, ease of care, and adaptability to various indoor environments. By understanding the differences between pothos and philodendron, we can further appreciate the unique characteristics that have contributed to their popularity.
Pothos plants, with their lush green leaves and vining growth habit, have become a staple in many homes and offices. They are known for their ability to thrive in low light conditions, making them versatile options for those with less sun exposure. Pothos are also relatively drought-tolerant, meaning they can withstand longer periods without water, making them a great choice for busy plant owners.
On the other hand, philodendrons have captured hearts with their heart-shaped leaves and graceful vines. While they also tolerate low light conditions, philodendrons may require slightly more water than pothos. They prefer higher humidity levels and slightly cooler temperatures, making them an excellent choice for those seeking a tropical vibe in their indoor spaces.
|Tolerates low light||Tolerates low light|
|Drought-tolerant||Requires slightly more water|
|Thrives in higher temperatures||Thrives in slightly cooler temperatures|
Both pothos and philodendrons are excellent choices for beginners and experienced plant enthusiasts alike. Their low maintenance nature and adaptability to different conditions have made them beloved additions to any indoor plant collection. Whether you choose pothos or philodendron, you can be sure that their popularity is well-deserved.
So, whether you go with the vibrant and versatile pothos or the tropical beauty of philodendron, both plants are sure to add a touch of nature to your indoor spaces and bring joy to your gardening journey.
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What is the difference between philodendron and pothos plants?
Philodendron and pothos plants belong to different genera and have distinct leaf characteristics and growth habits.
How can I visually identify a philodendron or pothos plant?
Look for differences in leaf shape, texture, petioles, aerial roots, and new growth patterns to identify the type of plant you have.
Do philodendron and pothos have the same care requirements?
While they share some care similarities, there are differences in their light, temperature, watering, and humidity preferences.
Can both philodendron and pothos be grown in low light conditions?
Yes, both plants can tolerate low light, but philodendrons are generally more adaptable to lower light conditions.
Are philodendron and pothos toxic to pets?
Yes, both plants are toxic to cats and dogs, but philodendrons can be more toxic and may cause skin irritation or gastrointestinal distress if ingested.