In the world of Philodendron plants, the term “self-heading” refers to those species that have a more bush-like, upright growth habit, as opposed to the climbing or trailing varieties. Here is a list of self-heading Philodendron varieties you can grow indoors year round.
After reading this article, check out our blog on 76 Types of Philodendron – it’s an expansive list of beautiful Philodendron varieties.
Here are the names of self heading philodendron and brief descriptions about their characteristics – if you want to learn more about a specific variety, click the name (in blue) and you can learn more!
Philodendron Selloum, also known as Philodendron bipinnatifidum or Philodendron Hope, is a prominent self-heading variety. It is celebrated for its expansive, deeply lobed leaves and a tree-like growth habit that does not require support. This species thrives in bright, indirect light and can grow quite large, making it a statement piece in any indoor garden.
- Origin: Native to South America, particularly Brazil.
- Care Requirements: Prefers well-draining soil, moderate watering, and high humidity.
- Distinctive Feature: Its large, showy leaves can grow over 3 feet long, giving it a dramatic, tropical appearance.
The Philodendron Xanadu stands out as a self-heading Philodendron with a compact and dense growth form. It is distinguished by its deeply divided, lobed leaves that create a lush, tropical canopy. This variety is lower maintenance compared to others, making it suitable for a variety of indoor settings.
- Origin: Though widely cultivated, its exact natural origin is unclear.
- Care Requirements: Thrives in medium to bright indirect light, requires well-draining soil, and moderate watering.
- Distinctive Feature: The Xanadu’s leaves are not only aesthetically pleasing but also adapt well to both container growth and landscaping in suitable climates.
Philodendron Goeldii, often synonymized with Philodendron ‘Hope’, is a unique self-heading species recognized for its spiral arrangement of foliage. This plant grows in a tree-like form, showcasing its ornamental leaves that radiate around the central stem. It’s an excellent choice for adding a touch of the tropics to your space.
- Origin: Native to the tropical forests of South America.
- Care Requirements: Prefers bright, indirect light and regular watering, but is tolerant of lower light conditions.
- Distinctive Feature: The spiral growth pattern of its leaves is a conversation starter and adds an interesting geometric aspect to its appearance.
Philodendron Congo Green is a modern hybrid known for its self-supporting, upright growth habit. It displays large, shiny, and broad leaves that are a vivid green color. This variety is particularly popular for its ability to adapt to indoor environments, making it an excellent choice for interior decoration.
- Origin: Developed as a hybrid, it doesn’t have a specific native habitat.
- Care Requirements: Prefers bright, indirect light, regular watering, and high humidity.
- Distinctive Feature: Its vibrant green leaves and upright growth make it a striking addition to any space.
Philodendron Congo Rojo is a close relative of the Congo Green, distinguished by its reddish-purple leaves. It is a self-heading variety that grows vertically and does not vine or climb. This Philodendron is appreciated for the color contrast it brings to collections, especially in bright indoor settings.
- Origin: Like its green counterpart, it’s a cultivated hybrid.
- Care Requirements: Requires bright, indirect light and moderate watering, with a preference for well-draining soil.
- Distinctive Feature: The reddish-purple tint of the leaves sets it apart from other green varieties.
The Philodendron Imperial Green is a self-heading hybrid known for its large, glossy green leaves. This variety has a compact growth habit and does not require staking or support. It’s a low-maintenance plant, ideal for those looking to add a lush, tropical feel to their space with minimal effort.
- Origin: A cultivated hybrid, developed for its ornamental qualities.
- Care Requirements: Thrives in medium to bright indirect light and needs regular watering, but is tolerant of some neglect.
- Distinctive Feature: Its dense, bushy appearance and large leaves are perfect for filling up a room with greenery.
Philodendron Imperial Red is a stunning self-heading variety with large, shiny leaves that start out a deep burgundy and gradually mature to a dark green. It’s a robust plant that forms a dense, upright clump. This variety is sought after for its decorative leaves and easy-care nature.
- Origin: It’s a cultivated hybrid, not naturally found in the wild.
- Care Requirements: Prefers bright, indirect light and consistent moisture in well-draining soil.
- Distinctive Feature: The color transformation of its leaves from burgundy to green adds dynamic visual interest.
The Philodendron Atom is a compact, self-heading variety, known for its densely packed, heavily serrated leaves. It’s an ideal choice for smaller spaces, as it doesn’t grow as large as some other Philodendrons. Despite its smaller size, it brings a big visual impact with its unique foliage.
- Origin: A relatively new hybrid, specifically bred for indoor use.
- Care Requirements: Does well in medium light and requires regular watering, but is forgiving if you miss a watering or two.
- Distinctive Feature: The Atom’s small, ruffled leaves are perfect for adding texture to an indoor plant collection.
The Philodendron Green Princess is known for its compact, bushy growth habit, making it a perfect choice for smaller spaces. Its dark green, glossy leaves are heart-shaped, adding a touch of elegance to any room. This variety is particularly favored for its ease of care and adaptability to indoor environments.
- Origin: It is a hybrid variety, cultivated for indoor gardening.
- Care Requirements: Prefers medium to low light and moderate watering, tolerating some degree of neglect.
- Distinctive Feature: The deep green, shiny leaves are both attractive and effective at purifying indoor air.
Philodendron Black Cardinal is notable for its striking foliage that starts off a burgundy color and then deepens to an almost black hue. This self-heading plant is known for its robust growth and ability to create a bold statement in any setting. It’s ideal for those who appreciate dramatic, dark foliage.
- Origin: This is another hybrid variety, developed for its unique foliage color.
- Care Requirements: Thrives in bright to medium indirect light and requires regular watering, with well-draining soil.
- Distinctive Feature: Its dark, almost black leaves make it a unique and eye-catching addition to any plant collection.
Philodendron Autumn is a self-heading variety that is admired for its multicolored leaves, which change hues as they mature. This plant’s leaves transition from a coppery tone to a deeper green, offering a dynamic display throughout its growth. It’s a low-maintenance plant, perfect for adding a splash of color indoors.
- Origin: Like many hybrids, it doesn’t have a specific native habitat.
- Care Requirements: Prefers bright, indirect light and moderate watering, tolerating some drought.
- Distinctive Feature: The changing color of the leaves throughout different stages of growth provides an evolving aesthetic.